Third baseman Evan Longoria of the Rays was the winner in unanimous fashion, garnering all 28 first-place votes from the Baseball Writers' Association of America. He finished with 140 points.
Alexei Ramirez, the second baseman of the White Sox, finished second. He received 18 second-place votes and five third-place votes for 59 points.
As for Ellsbury, he fell short in his bid to give the Red Sox a Rookie of the Year for the second consecutive season. Second baseman Dustin Pedroia won it last year.
The 25-year-old Ellsbury got seven second-place votes and five third-place votes en route to 26 points.
In a way, it was hard to remember Ellsbury was a rookie in 2008. He was a star for the Red Sox down the stretch in '07, hitting .353 as a September callup and then starring in the World Series sweep of the Rockies.
But this was Ellsbury's first time facing the rigors of a full season.
"Last year was such a whirlwind for me and it ended so well," Ellsbury said shortly after the Red Sox were eliminated by the Rays in Game 7 of the American League Championship Series. "Now I know what it takes to go through a full season and go through the ups and downs."
Though he indeed had his ups and downs offensively, the speedy center fielder hit .280, scored 98 runs, 22 doubles and seven triples. He also stole 50 bases to lead the AL.
"I know I can get a lot better," Ellsbury said. "This was my first full season going through all of it. I'll take a lot of the knowledge I gained this year and take it into this offseason, this Spring Training and into the regular season next year."
Ellsbury's primary position was center field, but he also played his share of left and right field. Defensively, Ellsbury consistently made all the plays -- spectacular and routine -- all year.
Ian Browne is a reporter for MLB.com. This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.