Victorino will be ready for Spring Training, according to a news release form the Red Sox.
"From what I understand, there were two discs that had a slight bulge that required the procedure, so that's the extent of the information I have," said manager John Farrell.
After being a key performer for the Red Sox en route to their World Series championship in 2013, Victorino has struggled with his health from the start of Spring Training.
The underlying back issue may have created many of the hamstring issues that limited Victorino to just 30 games.
Ian Browne is a reporter for MLB.com. Read his blog, Brownie Points, and follow him on Twitter @IanMBrowne. Teddy Cahill is a reporter for MLB.com. Follow him on Twitter at @tedcahill. This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.